Egyptian vulture conservation program

  • Focal species: Egyptian vulture
  • Secondary species: Bearded vulture, Bonelli's eagle, Cinereous vulture, Golden eagle, griffon vulture, short-toed eagle
  • Countries: France
  • Name of organisation: LPO France
  • Support requested:
    contributions for specific items >1000 euro,
    contributions to running of project <1000 euro,
    materials
  • Does this project benefit local people through employment and/or capacity building: yes
  • Does this project benefit local people in other ways: The livestock farmers who decide to have their own rendering plot can benefit from a tax reduction for their carcass disposal service. Vultures resume their position as natural renderers. Especially in moutainous areas, many farms have difficult access so vultures are more efficient than the public rendering service. Being an emblematic species, it's also a real tourist attraction and an opportunity for the local tourism industry who can offer activities linked to this species.

Project Description

This species is registered as “Endangered” on the IUCN European Red List, on the Appendix II of CITES and Annex I of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. The two main threats to the species are direct mortality caused by humans (either accidentally or deliberately) and decreasing availability of food. The main cause of unnatural death is the use of poisoned baits for carniverous pest extermination.
This vulture belongs to the scavengers group, it has a broad diet including carrion, tortoises, organic waste, insects, young vertebrate and eggs. The Egyptian vulture monitoring in the Massif Central began in 1981 conciding with the start of the first griffon vulture reintroduction project here . During this period no more than 7-8 indivuals are counted each year in the Grands Causses. In 2017 the population of Egyptian vulture in the Grands Causses is only represented by two breeding pairs. The Egyptian vulture’s uniqueness is that it is the only migratory species of the four european vultures.
The various actions regarding this project and carried out by LPO Grands Causses (technical structure of LPO France) are: home range monitoring (visual observations), breeding monitoring (fchecking established breeding pairs and detecting new pairs , the laying date and the juvenile fledging date), diet study by collecting elements near the nests, ensuring sufficient quantities of local and externally sourced food are available (livestock farms using rendering plots, fallen livestock collection to aliment a vulture feedind station run by LPO Grands Causses team), habitat protection (influence political decisions in terms of protection: creation of SPA-special protection area and other protection status), vigilance and threat management (hunting, poisoning, powerlines and wind turbines…), public awareness through various audiences.

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